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Recent Dissertations and theses on Algeria
 

Order No: AAC MM89947 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: L'AJUSTEMENT DES POLITIQUES MACRO-ECONOMIQUES ET
STRUCTURELLES EN ALGERIE (FRENCH TEXT)
Author: MOHAMED, FOUIAL
School: UNIVERSITE DE SHERBROOKE (CANADA) (0512) Degree: MA
Date: 1993 pp: 129
Advisor: LATULIPPE, JEAN-GUY
Source: MAI 33/02, p. 375, Apr 1995
Language: FRENCH
Subject: ECONOMICS, GENERAL (0501)
ISBN: 0-315-89947-6
Abstract: Compte tenu, de l'importance du role joue par le FMI dans
l'elaboration des programmes de stabilisation et d'ajustements
structurels etablis par les PVD membres, en connexion avec les
arrangements de 'Stand-by', l'examen des effets de ces programmes sur
les variables macro-economiques clefs, tels que, le compte courant,
la balance des paiements, l'inflation et la croissance economique est
sans doute, d'une grande utilite pour la poursuite des operation du
FMI dans et le choix de programmes compatibles avec les circonstances
et les particularites de chaque pays, en vue de realiser le bien etre
de la communaute internationale.

Order No: AAC MM86523 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: ETUDE MULTIDISCIPLINAIRE D'UN BASSIN SAHARIEN PRES
D'IN-SALAH (ALGERIE): APPORT DE LA MAGNETOTELLURIQUE
(FRENCH TEXT)
Author: BOUZID, ABD-ERREZAK
School: ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE, MONTREAL (CANADA) (1105)
Degree: MSCA Date: 1992 pp: 146
Advisor: MARESCHAL, MARIANNE
Source: MAI 32/05, p. 1468, Oct 1994
Language: FRENCH
Subject: ENGINEERING, MINING (0551); GEOPHYSICS (0373)
ISBN: 0-315-86523-7
Abstract: The objective of this work is dual: (1) we want to study
the upper mantle anomaly located beneath the southern Sahara
(Algeria) and characterized by high heat flow, negative gravity and
reduced seismic velocities between 50 and 150 km; (2) we want to test
the potential of magnetotellurics (MT) for oil and gas exploration.
In January 1991, we completed a north-south profile along the 3
degrees E meridian between parallels 24 N and 30 N. This profile
includes 11 soundings, 8 of which are located on the Sahara basin.
The results suggest a very resistive upper crust under the
northern flanc of the Hoggar massif. This upper crustal resistivity
slightly decreases under the Sahara. The lower crust and upper mantle
seem to be anomalous under the whole region. The conductivity
increases at approximately 17 km under the northern flanc of the
Hoggar and probably under the Sahara basin. Contrarily to what is
generally observed in other cratons, it does not appear to decrease
at greater depths. Its lateral extent are not well defined but could
lie to the north of the Sahara and to the south of the southern end
of our profile.
The sedimentary basin is globally conductive. Its apparent
resistivity essentially depends on the presence of salted formation
waters. The MT results, combined with those of seismic reflection,
have defined the depth extent of the Ordovician, an important
formation for exploration. Our study shows that MT can be used in oil
or gas exploration as an indirect tool to detect layers rich in
formation water or, occasionally, depth to the basement.

Order No: AAC NN68406 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: COMPOSANTES DE LA DIDACTIQUE DU FRANCAIS ET ANALYSE DE
PROGRAMME: ESSAI D'APPLICATION AUX PROGRAMMES DE FRANCAIS
(SECOND CYCLE) DES PAYS DU MAGHREB (ALGERIE, MAROC,
TUNISIE) (FRENCH TEXT)
Author: TAIA ALAOUI, MY AHMED
School: UNIVERSITE LAVAL (CANADA) (0726) Degree: PHD Date: 1991
pp: 549
Source: DAI-A 53/07, p. 2282, Jan 1993
Language: FRENCH
Subject: EDUCATION, LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE (0279); EDUCATION,
BILINGUAL AND MULTICULTURAL (0282)
ISBN: 0-315-68406-2
Abstract: La lecture des programmes de francais (Instructions
officielles) des pays du Maghreb (Algerie, Maroc, Tunisie) revele
deux realites discordantes. D'un cote, un discours qui semble
monolithique, homogene et souvent prescriptif et, de l'autre, son
application qui pose des problemes de lisibilite et d'interpretation
conduisant a des pratiques hesitantes et peu sures d'elles-memes.
La presente recherche se propose de montrer que les raisons de
ces ambiguites resident dans la maniere dont des concepts novateurs
ont ete superficiellement integres a une demarche qui se preoccupe
peu de definir les referents theoriques dont elle est censee
s'inspirer. Dans cet esprit, le cadre theorique (theories
d'apprentissage et analyse du discours) et les composantes de la
didactique du francais (competences de communication, typologie des
textes, typologie des exercices, oral, lecture, questionnement,
evaluation) illustrent les relations entre les enjeux theoriques qui
informent le discours didactique et la pratique pedagogique. Les
constantes qui ont ete degagees permettront l'elaboration de la
grille qui a servi a l'analyse des programmes en question.
La mise en rapport des referents theoriques et des contenus de
ces derniers souligne le desequilibre entre savoirs savants et
savoirs enseignes. Elle met l'accent sur la necessite d'articuler
plus harmonieusement recherche et action pedagogique.

Order No: AAC NN89105 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: L'INFLUENCE DU CAPITAL ETRANGER SUR LA DYNAMIQUE DES
CLASSES SOCIALES AU MAROC DE 1960 A 1988 (FRENCH TEXT,
FOREIGN CAPITAL, SOCIAL CLASSES, MOROCCO)
Author: AOUAHCHI, M'HAMMED
School: UNIVERSITE DE MONTREAL (CANADA) (0992) Degree: PHD
Date: 1991 pp: 660
Advisor: KORANY, BAHGAT
Source: DAI-A 55/08, p. 2549, Feb 1995
Language: FRENCH
Subject: POLITICAL SCIENCE, GENERAL (0615); ECONOMICS, GENERAL
(0501)
ISBN: 0-315-89105-X
Abstract: L'objectif poursuivi ici est d'analyser les effets du
capital etranger sur la dynamique des luttes de classes, qui sont a
la fois politiques, economiques et ideologiques et dont le but ultime
est la conquete, violente ou pacifique, du pouvoir d'Etat pour
conserver, modifier ou changer radicalement le statu quo, a partir
d'une situation concrete de dependance a savoir le Maroc de 1960 a
1988.
Les effets du capital etranger sur les formations
sous-developpees ne sont pas immediats mais mediatises par les
classes dominantes locales dans la mesure ou, depuis les annees 1950,
la reproduction de l'imperialisme ne necessite plus l'utilisation de
la violence brutale pour remettre les recalcitrants a leur place mais
fait appel, de plus en plus, au consentement actif des classes
dominantes. La domination imperialiste n'est donc pas une contrainte
exterieure qui s'imposerait aux classes dominantes mais trouve son
fondement dans la dependance interiorisee par ces dernieres
puisqu'elles ne disposent d'aucune strategie de developpement viable
pour mettre fin au sous-developpement. L'imperialisme n'est donc pas
oblige d'intervenir dans les PSD pour garantir ses interets bien
qu'il y intervienne souvent.
L'influence du capital etranger apparait donc dans le
comportement socio-politique des classes dominantes locales qui lui
sont alliees et dont les interets sont similaires aux siens.
Cependant, lorsque la conjoncture est favorable elles n'hesitent pas
a le remettre en cause. Il n'y a donc pas influence a sens unique
mais influence reciproque en ce sens que les contradictions entre les
classes dominantes locales et le capital etranger sont secondaires
par rapport aux contradictions antagonistes qui les opposent aux
classes dominees. C'est pourquoi, les classes dominantes locales ne
vont pas jusqu'a la rupture avec l'imperialisme. En outre, ce dernier
a pour effet d'integrer au marche mondial une minorite, se situant
dans les classes dominantes, intermediaires, voire meme dominees,
participant respectivement au capital, a la gestion ou au processus
productif, et de marginaliser le reste de la societe. Dans ces
conditions il n'y a ni marche economique, parce que les rapports de
production restent heterogenes, ni 'marche politique', parce que
l'ideologie des classes dominantes est une fausse conscience
parfaite. Les bourgeoisies locales sont donc amenees a gouverner par
la contrainte grace a des forces repressives formees, armees et meme
eduquees par l'imperialisme comme elles sont amenees aussi a
reproduire le developpement dependant malgre quelques ameliorations
mineures.
La conception neo-marxiste schematise donc la realite des PSD.
Que le sous-developpement soit la contrepartie du developpement est
indiscutable mais que les PSD soient totalement modeles par
l'imperialisme est contestable. Depuis au moins les independances
politiques formelles, les PSD ont acquis une certaine marge de
manoeuvre, il est vrai limitee, mais il n'en demeure pas moins
valable que cette autonomie restreinte les renforce plutot qu'elle ne
les affaiblit. Donc, au lieu de privilegier les contradictions entre
pays: PSD et PI, il serait plus utile de proceder a une analyse de
classes, sujet de l'histoire, sinon il n'est pas possible de
comprendre pourquoi les bourgeoisies locales dependantes se
rebellent-elles timidement seulement contre l'imperialisme? Pourquoi
les pays jadis progressistes (Algerie, Egypte nasserienne,$/...$) qui
ont serieusement limite l'imperialisme ne se sont pas developpes mais
continuent a se developper dans le sillage de la division
internationale du travail?$/...$ (Abstract shortened by UMI.)
Order No: NOT AVAILABLE FROM UMI ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: HYDROGEOCHEMISTRY AND SIMULATION OF THE GROUNDWATER FLOW
AND THE POSITION OF THE INTERFACE BETWEEN FRESH WATER AND
SALT WATER IN THE EASTERN MITIDJA PLAIN (ALGERIA)
[HYDROGEOCHEMIE ET SIMULATION DE L'ECOULEMENT DES EAUX
SOUTERRAINES ET DE LA POSITION DE L'INTERFACE EAU
DOUCE-EAU SALEE DANS LA PARTIE EST DE LA PLAINE DE LA
MITIDJA (ALGERIE)]
Author: IMERZOUKENE, SAADIA
School: KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN (BELGIUM) (5605)
Degree: PHD Date: 1995 pp: 273
Source: DAI-C 56/03, p. 648, Fall 1995
Language: FRENCH
Subject: HYDROLOGY (0388)
Abstract: Mitidja plain is situated in the North of Algeria. The
Eastern part is coastal in its North side and limited by the Atlas
Mountains in the South. The region consists on two main aquifers
separated in some places by El-Harrach Formation (Calabrian). First
and deepest aquifer is Astian (Upper Pliocene). The second and most
important aquifer, Mitidja Formation (Tyrrhenian) is alluvial,
coastal and unconfined.
The groundwater flow and the position of the interface between
fresh water and salt water in the Mitidjian aquifer has been
simulated with a two-dimensional mathematical model. Groundwater
withdrawal has changed the natural flow pattern in some areas. The
situation has been approximated by considering the known pumping
stations and the main boreholes. Some elements of the global water
balance in the aquifer, such as recharge by the rainfall, were
calculated. The permeability values have been adjusted during the
calibration of the model. The hydraulic head distribution, based on
short (dry and humid) periods of simulations, gave a good
correspondence between observed and calculated hydraulic heads. The
interface is located about 10km from the coast. The simulated
groundwater flow in the Mitidjian aquifer is confirmed both by head
measurements and hydrochemical observations.
The total of 720 groundwater analysis results were classified.
Different succeeding water types agree with the general pattern of
groundwater movement in the aquifers, which goes from the south to
the north, where the Mediterranean Sea is the natural exsurgence. In
addition, Mitidja aquifer groundwaters are diluted and became fresh
earlier than Astian groundwater because of the depth which is less
for the first aquifer. Geographical repartition has given four main
water types. In the recharge areas of the south, the
F3-CaHCO$/sp[3+]$-type is the consequence of the dissolution of
dolomitic and calcareous sediments from the Atlas. This type reflects
the terminal stage of cation exchange. An intermediary stage
F2-CaMix$/sp[+]$-water type between fresh water and fresh-brackish
water is localized around recharge areas. In the coastal dunes, this
water type occurs because of the topographic elevation which
constitutes an additional fresh water supply for the aquifer. For
Fb3-CaMix$/sp[+]$-water type, fresh-brackish water, where marine
chlorides are present in non-negligible quantity, there is no
predominant anion but the cation exchange is still continuing. The
north part, near the coast, groundwater is brackish with
B-NaCl$/sp[+]$-type, the first stage of cation exchange. But in these
areas, water quality is mainly determined by a seawater intrusion in
the fresh groundwater. The last water type, B3-NaCl$/sp[+]$ or
B3-CaClO is localized in the extreme eastern part of the Mitidja
Plain. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)
___________
Order No: AAC 9627046 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: ARCHAEOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS AT THE LOWER PALAEOLITHIC
SITE OF AIN HANECH, ALGERIA, AND THEIR BEHAVIORAL
IMPLICATIONS
Author: SAHNOUNI, MOHAMED
School: INDIANA UNIVERSITY (0093) Degree: PHD Date: 1996
pp: 318
Advisor: TOTH, NICHOLAS
Source: DAI-A 57/04, p. 1705, Oct 1996
Subject: ANTHROPOLOGY, ARCHAEOLOGY (0324); GEOLOGY (0372)
Abstract: Archaeological investigations were carried out at the
Lower Paleolithic site of Ain Hanech in northeastern Algeria to
document behavior patterns of early hominids and their spread into
this part of the African continent. The investigations consisted of
surveying, mapping, and assessing the geological and chronological
background of the site. The excavated archaeological remains were
examined with regard to their sedimentary context in which they were
contained, mode of concentration, and taphonomic patterns. The stone
artifacts were analyzed in detail to gain understanding of their raw
materials, mode of manufacture and use. The archaeological horizons
were delineated and positioned relative to the regional stratigraphy
of the basin where they occur. Preliminary paleomagnetic analysis
revealed normal polarity for the Oldowan occurrences. In
consideration of the old character of the fauna, this normal polarity
might be correlated with an Olduvai paleomagnetic event, occurring
between 1.96 and 1.78 million years ago. The retrieved archaeological
materials, excavated from 2 localities, consist of fossil animal
bones associated with stone artifacts. The remains were contained in
a silty deposit suggesting a flood plain paleoenvironment. They were
very likely minimally disturbed, and therefore suitable behavioral
studies. The fossil analysis shows that the species represented
include equids, bovids, elephant, and rhinoceros. The most abundant
species is Equus (asinus) tabeti, which is considered to be a
representative species of the North African Lower Pleistocene. The
stone artifacts, made of limestone and flint, include flaked cobbles
and cores, unretouched and retouched pieces. The retouched pieces are
characterized by informal scraper and denticulate forms, notches, as
well as rare burins and awls. A microwear study indicates the use of
simple flakes and a denticulate for meat processing. The stone
artifact assemblage may be considered as a North African variant of
the Oldowan.

Order No: AAC 9617433 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: OPEC QUOTA SYSTEM (PETROLEUM)
Author: AL-SAIF, WALEED
School: THE CLAREMONT GRADUATE SCHOOL (0047) Degree: PHD
Date: 1996 pp: 119
Advisor: SMITH, RODNEY
Source: DAI-A 57/01, p. 342, Jul 1996
Subject: ECONOMICS, GENERAL (0501); ENGINEERING, PETROLEUM (0765)
Abstract: This dissertation empirically analyzes the OPEC quota
system for the period 1983-1993. It answers two fundamental
questions: (1) How does OPEC set the quota? and (2) Does the quota
system matter? Econometrics, microeconomic theory, and personal
observations of OPEC quota meetings constitute the methodology of the
study.
OPEC sets quotas according to two allocation rules. All Members
receive a quota based on the past production, which ultimately
depends on productive capacity. Members with large reserves (Saudi
Arabia, Kuwait, UAE) receive a smaller quota than their productive
capacity, alone, would justify.
The real oil income of all OPEC Members did not increase as a
result of formally adopting the quota system in 1983. For Algeria,
Gabon, Nigeria, Kuwait, UAE, and OPEC as a whole, the quota has no
significant effect on their production. Therefore, in terms of income
and production, for OPEC and these Members, the quota system does not
matter.
This study also reveals two groups of overproducers within OPEC.
The large-scale group consists of Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Kuwait,
which are responsible for 75% of OPEC total overproduction between
1983 to 1993, and the small-scale group consists of the other
Members. The large-scale group overproduces more when oil market
prices are declining, excess capacity is increasing, or market demand
is rising.
The relevance of the quota system depends upon prevailing market
conditions. If there is a shortage in oil supply and rising oil
prices (as the 1970s), OPEC does not restrict its production. If
there is a surplus and falling oil prices (as the 1980s and 1990s),
then OPEC adopts a quota scheme to protect the price. The main
players in this scheme are the Members with excess productive
capacity: Saudi Arabia, UAE, and Kuwait. If these Members comply
strictly with their quotas, then the market price would strengthen,
and the quota system would matter. If any of these Members do not
comply, then the quota system would not matter. The period 1983-1993
is an example of the latter case.

Order No: AAC 9618474 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: FRENCH INTELLECTUALS AND THE ALGERIAN WAR: DECOLONIZATION,
VIOLENCE, AND THE POLITICS OF IDENTITY
Author: LE SUEUR, JAMES DEAN
School: THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO (0330) Degree: PHD Date: 1996
pp: 522
Advisor: GOLDSTEIN, JAN
Source: DAI-A 57/02, p. 821, Aug 1996
Subject: HISTORY, EUROPEAN (0335); HISTORY, AFRICAN (0331);
SOCIOLOGY, ETHNIC AND RACIAL STUDIES (0631)
Abstract: There are several factors that make the era of the
Algerian war one of the most important and timely for the study of
French intellectuals and the question of identity. Identity, as I am
using the term here, refers to efforts of intellectuals to delimit
and legitimate themselves as intellectuals. It also refers to the
representation of Algerians as Western or non-Western by French
intellectuals. Debates over the constitution of the legitimate
intellectual reached their fullest expression during the
decolonization of French Algeria (1954-1962). This resulted from the
merging of intellectuals' personal, professional, and national
concerns with the political and social exigencies which required
either the celebration or denunciation of decolonization's
extraordinary violence. As French intellectuals labored on
legitimizing their own identities--a process which accentuated their
Occidental ties--and as they responded to the violence of
decolonization and the different representations of Algerian
identity, their corresponding political appropriations emerged as a
fundamental source of tension among intellectuals. Fearful that
Algeria was leaving the Occident's orbit, French intellectuals
increasingly represented Algerians as Oriental in order to account
for the new 'Arab'/'Muslim' nationalist violence. In this
dissertation I have argued that the rise of Orientalistic
representations of Algerians was linked to the decline of what I have
called the paradigm of 'Franco-Muslim' reconciliation. An important
reason why the Algerian war is essential to the study of French
intellectual life and the question of identity is that for the first
time, French intellectuals encountered significant resistance from
non-French and non-Western intellectuals to the construction and
political use of Algerian identity and to the idea of reconciliation.
My dissertation investigates each of these aspects: competing
self-conceptions of intellectuals; responses to decolonization's
violence; the representations of Algerians as either Oriental,
Western, or balanced between these two poles; and, Algerian
resistance to the French construction and appropriation of Algerian
identity.

Order No: AAC 9707131 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: THE 'SHIR HADASH' OF SAADIAH BEN ELIYAHU CHOURAQUI: A
RABBINIC COMMENTARY ON PSALM 119 WITH A GLIMPSE INTO THE
INTELLECTUAL HISTORY OF THE JEWISH MAGHREB (PSALMS (BOOK
OF))
Author: NAGAR, MARIE (ALDERMAN)
School: CITY UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK (0046) Degree: PHD
Date: 1996 pp: 668
Advisor: ADELSON, HOWARD L.
Source: DAI-A 57/09, p. 4076, Mar 1997
Subject: HISTORY, MEDIEVAL (0581); RELIGION, BIBLICAL STUDIES
(0321); RELIGION, GENERAL (0318)
Abstract: Investigation into the history of Jewish North Africa is
still a fledgling field. The lack of available published sources has
especially hampered scholarly investigation of the intellectual
legacy of the region in the early modern period. The present study
attends to this deficiency and the consequent need to bring more
sources to light, with the transcription of a heretofore unpublished
manuscript by a scion of a prominent family from a significant
Maghrebi community.
The Shir Hadash of Saadiah ben Eliyahu Chouraqui is an elaborate
ethical exposition on Psalm 119, penned by a rabbinic scholar from
Tlemcen in 1706. The content and method of the commentary bore many
characteristics of classic Sephardic education. The dissertation
specifically offers contextualization for the piece, therefore, via a
survey of Sephardic cultural continuity as manifest in the
intellectual traditions of Jewish North Africa.
The survey particularly highlights the Maghrebi model of rabbinic
leadership as forged by the renowned Spanish refugees of 1391, Isaac
b. Sheshet Barfat (RIBaSH), Simeon b. Zemah Duran (RaSHBaZ) and
Simeon's son, Solomon (RaSHBaSH). These men inspired a cultural
revival in the Jewish Maghreb, and pioneered a cohesive Jewish
communal and educational system in Algeria which would remain intact
until the French occupation. Chouraqui's composition is presented as
an especially reflective product of that ongoing cultural stride.
The review includes a portrait of Jewish life in Turkish Algeria
as gleaned from the responsa literature. The appraisal details a
precarious political and social backdrop, but adequate avenues of
economic opportunity to allow for the fiscal support of a solid
internal communal organization. The spiritual support of that
organization was protected by the Algerian rabbinic leadership which
continually acknowledged its allegiance to the practical halakhic
posture, the systematic educational outreach, and the high moral
standard prescribed by the earlier Sephardic luminaries. This
pastoral posture of the Sephardic hakham is emphasized throughout the
thesis, with illustrations of how Chouraqui's lifework remained true
to that ideal.
The study concludes with a thematic summary of the Shir Hadash,
together with an overview of its plethora of sources, poetic
envelopment, and unique pedagogic technique.

Order No: AAC 9622597 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: PATRIE/WATAN: REPRESENTATIONS OF ALGERIA IN THE EARLY
WORKS OF ALBERT CAMUS, MOULOUD FERAOUN AND MOHAMMED DIB
(FRANCOPHONE, MAGHRIBIAN)
Author: AHMAD, FAWZIA
School: BOSTON UNIVERSITY (0017) Degree: PHD Date: 1996 pp: 141
Advisor: KLINE, T. JEFFERSON
Source: DAI-A 57/03, p. 1123, Sep 1996
Subject: LANGUAGE, MODERN (0291); LITERATURE, MIDDLE EASTERN
(0315); LITERATURE, ROMANCE (0313)
Abstract: The Generation of '52 in Algeria produced three writers:
Albert Camus, Mouloud Feraoun and Mohammed Dib, who represent three
remarkably different perspectives on the Algerian land and milieu.
Although Algeria is the birthplace of all three, what emerges from a
close study of their depictions of the land and milieu is an
understanding of their differing identities.
In Noces and L'Ete, Camus excels at presenting the varied, often
harsh lessons he has learned from the Algerian land: lessons of
contrasts in the Algerian geography between sterile desert and
fertile sea coast, between the blistering sun of midday and the cool
peace of the evening, between Kabylian poverty and the rich beauty of
the land. Yet, because of his status as a French pied-noir, i.e. a
person whose patrie is France but whose homeland is Algeria, he seeks
to maintain an equilibrium between opposing dualities. Ultimately,
Camus reveals a picture of a land in which he alone occupies the
pivotal position. Thus, landscape can be understood to mirror and
produce ontology.
Mouloud Feraoun, a French educated Arab-Algerian, writes from a
need to present his native Algeria to French readers. His zeal to
project an acceptable image to a French audience leaves no space for
his own Algerianness in his text and consequently fails convincingly
to present his own identity. Thus, his depiction of the land appears
alienated from his identity as an Algerian writer.
Mohammed Dib grounds his narrative in an unmediated portrait of
his watan--the Arabic equivalent to patrie. No apology or explanation
for his 'difference' is offered to his French readers. His
unquestioning approach to Algeria effects a reconciliation of the
inner and outer landscapes that comprise his identity. Dib's
characters have an autochthonous quality mirroring and confirming the
author's own deep roots as an Arab and an Algerian.
In this continuum from the pied-noir's vision of his landscape to
the Arab-Algerian's concept of watan, there is discerned a meaningful
connection between land and identity.

Order No: AAC 9704094 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: BEYOND POSTCOLONIAL DISCOURSE: NEW PROBLEMATICS OF
FEMININE IDENTITY IN CONTEMPORARY FRANCOPHONE LITERATURE
(ALGERIA, TAHAR BEN JELLOUN, ASSIA DJEBAR, LEILA SEBBAR)
Author: ORLANDO, VALERIE KEY
School: BROWN UNIVERSITY (0024) Degree: PHD Date: 1996 pp: 302
Source: DAI-A 57/09, p. 3931, Mar 1997
Subject: LITERATURE, AFRICAN (0316); LITERATURE, ROMANCE (0313);
PHILOSOPHY (0422)
Abstract: This dissertation, entitled Beyond Postcolonial discourse:
New problematics of Feminine identity in Contemporary Francophone
Literature, focuses on contemporary Francophone texts written by
authors from North Africa; notably Tahar Ben Jelloun, Assia Djebar
and Leila Sebbar. These novels are very recent, spanning the years
1982-1995. It is the objective of this dissertation to demonstrate
how the image of North African women is portrayed in these novels,
both in France and in the Maghreb, as well as to scrutinize the
historic, political and cultural roles of Maghrebian women in
literature written in French. In addition to the feminine theme of
this manuscript, other current socio-political implications and
issues which have stemmed from France's former colonial ties with the
Maghreb are studied. These include marginalization, immigration,
education, racism and language, which are principal concerns in all
the works of the authors addressed.
France's colonial history and its legacy are integral parts of
every contemporary Francophone author's work, therefore, this
dissertation accords particular attention to them. It is the
historical implications of colonialism which create a need to situate
the contemporary Francophone author of the Maghreb in today's
post-colonial literary world. In this dissertation, I define 3 stages
of Francophone literature written by Maghrebian authors. The first
stage dates from 1891 to 1940; the second from 1940-1962; and the
third stage, 1962 to the present, (which is the period of primary
focus in this dissertation).
This third stage begins with the end of the Franco-Algerian War
in 1962. Authors writing at this time seek to define the parameters
of a much more socio-culturally based literature which extends its
themes beyond the nationalist agendas of the 1950s. Contemporary
Maghrebian authors writing in French develop themes beyond the former
colonizer/colonized dialectic to encompass more crucial,
post-revolutionary topics such as individualism and how to cope with
living between two histories, two cultures, two languages and two
identities. New issues facing post-revolutionary Maghrebian
governments also include the role of women in post-colonial society.
Authors such as Nabile Fares (Le Champs des oliviers, 1972; La
memoire de l'absent, 1974; Un passager de l'occident, 1971), Assia
Djebar (Les enfants du nouveau monde, 1962; Les alouettes naives,
1967), Albert Memmi (Le scorpion, 1969), are among just a few who
wrote with a new modern vision for the Francophone Maghreb; one which
would embrace new contemporary socio-cultural themes while still
maintaining use of the French language.

Order No: AAC 9634435 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: SKETCHES OF FANTASIA: VOICE AND REPRESENTATION IN
FRANCOPHONE MAGHREBIAN NOVELS (MOROCCO, ALGERIA, TUNISIA)
Author: GAUCH, SUZANNE
School: STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AT BUFFALO (0656)
Degree: PHD Date: 1996 pp: 286
Advisor: SUSSMAN, HENRY
Source: DAI-A 57/06, p. 2471, Dec 1996
Subject: LITERATURE, AFRICAN (0316); LITERATURE, ROMANCE (0313)
Abstract: The dissertation analyzes French language representations
of colonized and postcolonial subjects in the texts of Francophone
Maghrebian novels. I show that the use of French by Maghrebian
authors demands strategies of reading that resist interpreting these
texts according to simple dichotomies. In examining each author's
critiques of a history of colonial domination as well as of a
theological heritage and a diverse popular culture, I suggest that
all of these are subverted in the narration of what I loosely term
their 'fantasies.' Out of these fantastic representations, no new,
stable, identity can be formed, for such a reification would impose
upon the text the aspect of a fantasia, or an image of the other that
conceals the manner in which it invents that other. The very term
fantasia, used by the French to denote the military exercises of Arab
horsemen, specifically addresses Maghrebian postcolonial culture
while it symbolizes the more generally repressive effects of the
colonial project.
Tracing the narrators's desire for understanding Abdelkebir
Khatibi's Le Livre du sang, the dissertation explores how the text
thwarts any desire for coherent meaning, offering in its place
language as the unfathomable. My treatment of Driss Chraibi's Le
Passe simple examines language as a structure of duplicity in
relation to the possibility of true and final representation. Next, I
demonstrate that Adbelwahab Meddeb's Phantasia reveals potentially
dangerous manipulations of history in elisions of the fantasy
necessary to all communication and narrative. I then examine the
cultural and social implications of fantasia as the sign for a
violence that always overshadows love in the Maghreb in Assia
Djebar's L'Amour, la fantasia. The final chapter, which focuses on
Leila Sebbar's appropriation of Western images of the Orient in
Sherazade, Les Carnets de Sherazade, and Le Fou de Sherazade,
concludes that exposing the fantasy in these representations can work
to diffuse their potential violence toward the represented.
Throughout the dissertation, I postulate that the strategies of these
novels open up the representational claims of both 'Oriental' and
'Occidental' texts to crucial reassessment.

Order No: AAC 9632350 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: WHITE SLAVERY IN AFRICA: THE BARBARY CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE
IN AMERICAN LITERATURE (BARBARY STATES, AMERICANS,
ALGERIA, TUNIS, TRIPOLI, MOROCCO)
Author: BAEPLER, PAUL MICHEL
School: UNIVERSITY OF MINNESOTA (0130) Degree: PHD Date: 1996
pp: 239
Source: DAI-A 57/06, p. 2472, Dec 1996
Subject: LITERATURE, AMERICAN (0591); LITERATURE, ENGLISH (0593);
HISTORY, UNITED STATES (0337)
Abstract: While the 'American slave narrative' and 'Indian captivity
narrative' have garnered much attention, the Barbary captivity
narrative has been virtually ignored. These narratives of North
Americans taken captive by Africans recount some of the experiences
of Americans enslaved by the Barbary States--Algeria, Tunis, Tripoli,
and Morocco--between the seventeenth and twentieth centuries. This
dissertation maps this widely scattered material and analyzes how
these narratives vary over time and contribute to questions of race
and national identity. In particular, I examine accounts by Joshua
Gee, John Foss, James Riley, Robert Adams, James Leander Cathcart,
Ion Perdicaris, and several others.
Since the Barbary captivity narrative in English can be traced to
the sixteenth century, I argue that it developed at the same time as
(if not before) the Indian captivity narrative, and that these two
types of accounts co-evolved. This challenges the longstanding
assertion that the Indian captivity narrative was the first
indigenous genre in America. I further contend that the Barbary
narrative establishes a valuable link between the Indian captivity
narrative and the American slave narrative and that we must begin to
see these genres as inter-related accounts. The dissertation also
examines imaginary captivities, including: Royall Tyler's The
Algerine Captive and several other early American novels, Paul
Bowles's story 'A Distant Episode,' and John Milius's film based on
the Perdicaris Affair, 'The Wind and The Lion.'

Order No: AAC 9703275 ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
Title: BERBERS, BUDDHISTS AND BIBELOTS: APPROPRIATION OF ALIEN
TRADITIONS BY FRENCH, CHINESE, ARAB AND FRANCOPHONE POETS
Author: SERRANO, RICHARD ARTHUR
School: UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY (0028) Degree: PHD
Date: 1996 pp: 363
Advisor: KAUFMANNM, VINCENT
Source: DAI-A 57/09, p. 3926, Mar 1997
Subject: LITERATURE, COMPARATIVE (0295); LITERATURE, ROMANCE
(0313); LITERATURE, MIDDLE EASTERN (0315)
Abstract: Comparatists are often asked what they compare. A reply of
'French, Chinese and Arabic' usually elicits a puzzled look and
another question: 'How do you bring such different things together?'
The only possible reply is that these 'different' literatures have
already been brought together. My dissertation, 'Berbers, Buddhists
and Bibelots: Appropriation of Alternative Traditions by French,
Chinese, Arabic and Francophone Poets,' offers readings of classical
non-Western poetry colonized by Western criticism, readings of
colonizing French poetry, and readings of poetry of Francophone poets
attempting to extricate themselves from colonization. This project
began with a fascination with the odd attempts of modern French poets
such as Stephane Mallarme, Victor Segalen and (poet by poetic
license) Jacques Lacan to appropriate forms and concepts found in the
classical Chinese and Arabic poetic traditions which Western
traditions lacked. Exploration of the canonical poetry of the Arabs
and Chinese, represented by al-Buhturi (821-897) and Wang Wei
(701-761), reveals that they, too, at the height of their empires
performed similar (but not identical) acts of appropriation from
alien cultures preexisting their own. Francophone poets of North
Africa (heavily influenced yet somewhat distant from traditional
centers of classical Arabic civilization) and Indochina (heavily
influenced yet somewhat distant from traditional centers of Chinese
civilization) found themselves attempting to create a new poetry out
of a tradition inherited from the very poets who had appropriated the
non-Western traditions which would have been theirs. The two examples
from my dissertation, Makhali-Phal (1908-1965) of Cambodia and Jean
Amrouche (1909-1962) of Kabylia in Algeria, attempt both to
appropriate the poetry of their French predecessors and to reach back
to traditions which precede them.
 

Order No:    AAC NN11877  ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
 Title:       PROTEAN READINGS (GARCIA MARQUEZ, GABRIEL, COLOMBIA,
              CALVINO, ITALO, ITALY, MUDIMBE, V. Y. , ZAIRE, DJEBAR,
              ASSIA, ALGERIA, PROTEUS)
 Author:      VISOI, MARIE-ANNE
 School:      UNIVERSITY OF TORONTO (CANADA) (0779)  Degree: PHD
              Date: 1996  pp: 267
 Advisor:     VALDES, MARIO J.
 Source:      DAI-A 57/08, p. 3486, Feb 1997
 Subject:     LITERATURE, COMPARATIVE (0295); LITERATURE, ROMANCE
              (0313); LITERATURE, AFRICAN (0316)
 ISBN:        0-612-11877-0

 Abstract:    In the process of reading, modern literary texts often
   change shape. The myth of Proteus, the ancient sea-god whose
   disguises ware meant to deceive his followers, has offered me an
   analogy which has brought into focus the challenging task of the
   reader constantly provoked to decipher the hidden meanings of four
   twentieth century novels.
       I have called my analyses 'Protean Readings' because I plan to
   concentrate on the activity of reading as a revelatory event; the
   selected texts challenge the reader to look for new strategies of
   configuration. Reading thus becomes an oracular act, disclosing
   possible meanings and, at the same time, reshaping the world of the
   reader.
       From a theoretical point of view, the thesis is a 1990's
   reconsideration of reader-response criticism of the late 1960s and
   1970s, with a primary focus on the works of Roman Ingarden and
   Wolfgang Iser. If the reader-text relationship remains central to my
   critical enquiry, the selection of the literary texts is based on an
   innovative approach: instead of focusing on commonly discussed works,
   retrieved from what literary critics used to call 'masterpieces of
   Western Literature', I have included in my analysis novels which
   confront the reader with less familiar fictional worlds. The aim of
   my thesis is to show how the ability to understand certain codes and
   techniques, and the competence ot the reader will be challenged by
   the narrative voice in each of the four texts. Chapters one and two
   deal with Cien anos de soledad (One Hundred Years of Solitude) by
   Gabriel Garcia Marquez, and Se una notte d'inverno un viaggiatore (If
   on a Winter's Night a Traveller) by Italo Calvino, literary texts
   which prepare the ground for a response to the texts analyzed in
   Chapters three and four. By selecting two major works from relatively
   unknown literatures, V. Y. Mudimbe's L'Ecart (The Rift) and Assia
   Djebar's Les enfants du nouveau monde (Children of the New World), my
   intention is to broaden e perspective of a comparatist approach, and
   to take a step in a new direction: integrate the African
   novel--Zairian and Algerian--into the literature curriculum. As the
   notion of literary canon is nowadays constantly revised, this work
   attempts to incorporate the 'great books' of African literature in a
   discussion of the reader's relationship with the text.
 
 
 

 Order No:    AAC MM10545  ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
 Title:       DU 'VOIR A LIRE' A L''ENTENDRE VOIR': REFLEXIONS SUR
              QUELQUES CROISEES ET PASSAGES ENTRE PEINTURE ET
              LITTERATURE. A PROPOS DE 'GUERNICA' DE PICASSO ET DE 'QUI
              SE SOUVIENT DE LA MER' DE MOHAMMED DIB (FRENCH TEXT,
              SPAIN, ALGERIA)
 Author:      TRIFU, LUCIA
 School:      QUEEN'S UNIVERSITY AT KINGSTON (CANADA) (0283)  Degree: MA
              Date: 1996  pp: 178
 Advisor:     CALLE-GRUBER, MIREILLE
 Source:      MAI 34/06, p. 2163, Dec 1996
 Language:    FRENCH
 Subject:     LITERATURE, MODERN (0298); LITERATURE, ROMANCE (0313);
              LITERATURE, AFRICAN (0316)
 ISBN:        0-612-10545-8

 Abstract:    In this work we propose a re-reading of the novel Qui se
   souvient de la mer by the Algerian writer Mohammed Dib, following the
   itinerary that the author himself traces in his afterword: that is to
   say an analogy between his artistic procedures and those that Picasso
   explored and invented, while painting Guernica. In this way, we are
   attempting to discover the affinities between two creations of modern
   art belonging to two distinct semiotic systems: writing and painting.
       For Dib and the one he took as his model, Picasso, the truth of a
   war, whether it be a civil war or a war of independence, cannot be
   expressed. It is for this reason that both, each in his own way,
   adopted an aesthetic model where multiple brutal, contradictory
   synesthesia combine themselves into original, non-habitual codes of
   representation. As a result, we are carried along in search of
   bridges and frontiers between these two arts. This allows us to
   elaborate on some principles of a comparative aesthetic, while at the
   same time preserving the specificity of each art. As new forms of
   representation of the horror of war, the two works contain some
   communal artistic means that we try to uncover. Symbols, myths, and
   alterings of space work together to give body to what has no measure
   and refuses itself to imagination.
       It is in this way that we attempt to approach Dib's singular and
   unusual use of language. Dib's writing, determined by his specific
   position within both the Arabic and French cultural spaces, seems to
   adhere to the aesthetic model of nomad art formulated by the
   philosophers Deleuze and Guattari. Their model, whose point of
   departure is the opposition between the State and the war machine,
   highlights the existing bond between geographical, political, and
   aesthetic space. From there, our reflection leads us to compare the
   structural and juridical violence of the State that colonizes to the
   one that is colonized, that is to say the nomad. The brutality with
   which Dib, the nomad writer, distorts and breaks the usual mechanism
   in which fiction works, and his manner to unveil the materiality of
   words constitute a war machine that is extremely efficient.
 
 
 

 Order No:    AAC 9704120  ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
 Title:       SHIFTING BOUNDARIES: THE INTERPLAY OF PLACE AND
              DISPLACEMENT IN SELECTED CONTEMPORARY FRANCOPHONE
              NARRATIVES (SIMONE SCHWARZ-BART, KEN BUGUL, NABILE FARES,
              EMILE OLLIVIER, GUADELOUPE, SENEGAL, HAITI)
 Author:      SALVODON, MARJORIE
 School:      BROWN UNIVERSITY (0024)  Degree: PHD  Date: 1996  pp: 180
 Source:      DAI-A 57/09, p. 3964, Mar 1997
 Subject:     LITERATURE, ROMANCE (0313); LITERATURE, CARIBBEAN (0360);
              LITERATURE, AFRICAN (0316)

 Abstract:    In this dissertation I investigate the representations of
   cultural identity in select francophone texts of the Caribbean, North
   Africa and West Africa. I have deemed it important to explore the
   concept of cultural identity in this body of literature because these
   texts are rooted in specific histories of displacement; these
   histories have necessarily influenced the way in which individuals
   living in cultures that have experienced colonialism understand and
   represent their lives. That this analysis places the concept of
   cultural identity within the interplay of place and displacement
   merits elaboration; this dissertation surveys the trajectory of
   various 'crossings' in the context of the African diaspora. These
   crossings include the slave trade from West Africa to the Americas,
   commonly referred to as the Middle Passage, and the more contemporary
   crossings of exiles and immigrants from several Francophone countries
   to the European and North American metropoles. By situating the
   notions of place and displacement in this historical context, I
   examine the concepts of metissage, migrancy, and diaspora in order to
   render distinct each region's historical specificities. This
   redefinition enables me to explore the ways in which contemporary
   authors conceptualize 'post'-colonial identities in relation to
   linguistic and cultural affiliations.
       Each of the literary texts engages in a cross-cultural dialogue
   about identity through the notions of place, as it relates to an
   'origin' and displacement, as it relates to passages across time and
   space. I have deliberately chosen the metaphor of shifting boundaries
   because it illustrates the linguistic, cultural and geographic
   fluidity of boundaries in the representations of African and
   Caribbean identities in this body of literature. My intention is to
   trace the history of displacements, both discursively and
   geographically, in order to situate its positioning within current
   debates on 'post'-colonial identity.
       The Introduction inaugurates a debate on the meanings and
   implications of the post-colonial designation for Caribbean and
   African literatures of French expression, and focuses on the specific
   histories of colonialism in Algeria, Haiti, Guadeloupe and Senegal.
   In Chapter One, I discuss and examine the cultural and political
   consequences of reinventing 'post'-colonial identities in francophone
   literature by exploring the relationship between writer and
   readership, and by examining the question of language and its
   attendant notion of 'belonging' for these writers. Chapter Two
   examines the mythic quest for origins, or 'place', in Ti Jean
   L'Horizon by Simone Schwarz-Bart, a novel which portrays the
   Antillean struggle for cultural, textual and territorial autonomy.
   Chapter Three focuses on the re-writing of exile and immigration in
   Le baobabfou by Ken Bugul, L'Etat perdu: Discours pratique de
   l'immigre by Nabile Fares and Ton beau capitaine by Simone
   Schwarz-Bart. Chapter Four analyzes the articulation of cultural
   identity for a specific diasporic community: the contemporary Haitian
   writer in exile. Indeed, Passages by Emile Ollivier offers new
   dimensions to the interplay of place and displacement. In the
   Epilogue, I offer an overview of the multiple and interrelated
   questions which proceed from the reconceptualization of cultural
   identity by prominent francophone writers and critics.
 
 
 

 Order No:    AAC 9704711  ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
 Title:       BETWEEN ACCOMODATION AND CONFRONTATION: STATE, LABOR, AND
              DEVELOPMENT IN ALGERIA AND TUNISIA
 Author:      ALEXANDER, MICHAEL CHRISTOPHER
 School:      DUKE UNIVERSITY (0066)  Degree: PHD  Date: 1996  pp: 447
 Advisor:     BATES, ROBERT H.
 Source:      DAI-A 57/09, p. 4097, Mar 1997
 Subject:     POLITICAL SCIENCE, GENERAL (0615); HISTORY, MIDDLE EASTERN
              (0333); SOCIOLOGY, INDUSTRIAL AND LABOR RELATIONS (0629)

 Abstract:    Across the developing world, relations between governments
   and organized labor have been plagued by a powerful dilemma. Although
   unionized workers represent a minority of the workforce in most
   developing economies, governments need their support and cooperation.
   Politically, unionized workers constitute an important element in the
   coalition of interests that undergirds many populist-authoritarian
   governments. Economically, governments need worker cooperation in the
   form of increased production in order to achieve development goals.
   At the same time, however, developing governments seek to channel
   scarce resources into investment that generates growth and jobs
   rather than into wage increases that push up inflation and divert
   resources away from investment priorities. Thus, governments need for
   workers to accept moderated wage policies that return a considerable
   portion of the product of their labor to the state and private
   entrepreneurs for savings and reinvestment. Analysts of class
   compromise in Western Europe have shown that democratic political
   institutions help to create conditions under which workers will
   accept this sacrifice. But how do populist-authoritarian governments
   secure worker cooperation in the absence of democratic institutions?
   Under what conditions do workers accept or reject moderated wage
   policies? When they choose to reject, how do we explain variations in
   the nature of worker militancy? Why does labor militancy remain
   limited to the marketplace in some cases while it develops into
   broader-based political opposition in others?
       This dissertation uses a comparison of Algeria and Tunisia to
   evaluate three contending theoretical approaches to these questions:
   comparative historical analysis, moral economy analysis, and
   choice-theoretic institutional analysis. Based on archival research
   and interviews with government officials, union leaders, workers, and
   opposition party leaders, the dissertation argues that the
   choice-theoretic framework best accounts for variations in
   state-labor relations in Algeria and Tunisia. It emphasizes the
   influence that institutions such as collective bargaining regimes,
   labor codes, and legal provisions regulating worker organization and
   activity have on workers' choices to accept or reject moderated wage
   bargains. It shows how these institutions reflect the interests and
   choices of the state and labor elites who establish them, and how
   these institutions shape the qualitative nature of worker militancy.
 
 
 

 Order No:    AAC 9702449  ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
 Title:       A DYNAMIC TWO-LEVEL THEORY OF STATE IMPLOSION: THE CASES
              OF LEBANON, ALGERIA, AND YUGOSLAVIA
 Author:      ARFI, BADREDINE
 School:      UNIVERSITY OF ILLINOIS AT URBANA-CHAMPAIGN (0090)
              Degree: PHD  Date: 1996  pp: 488
 Advisor:     KOLODZIEJ, EDWARD A.
 Source:      DAI-A 57/08, p. 3655, Feb 1997
 Subject:     POLITICAL SCIENCE, GENERAL (0615); POLITICAL SCIENCE,
              INTERNATIONAL LAW AND RELATIONS (0616)

 Abstract:    Why do state implosions occur? This question urges itself
   on theorists and practitioners in international relations and
   security in the aftermath of the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
   Despite the importance of the question, contemporary security and
   international relations theory has devoted little attention to state
   implosion. Realism, neorealism, neoliberal institutionalism, and
   constructivism posit the existence and stability of states, but do
   not offer a theory of state formation, preservation or implosion.
   They assume what has to be demonstrated.
       The dissertation has two goals. First, a generalized theory of
   two-level state dynamics is presented. The three basic structures of
   the modern state (binding-idea, institutions, and physical base) are
   continuously immersed within three global structures (the
   nation-state system, global economy, and identity-compact system)
   which affects the state level of socio-political cohesion. A state
   level of socio-political cohesion is thus a function of the degree of
   congruence between the web of domestic historical memories and
   identity consciousnesses and the three basic state structures under
   conditions of adaptability to the imperatives of the three global
   structures. Second, a theory of state implosion is elaborated. State
   implosion evolves through a five-stage process under conditions of
   domestic identity politics and adaptability to the imperatives of the
   global environment. The dissertation identifies two important, though
   neglected, variables--historical memory and identity
   consciousness--to explain state implosion. More specifically, rival
   historical memories and incompatible identities held by divergent
   groups ignite two processes: a fragmentation of state legitimacy and
   a disintegration of state authority under conditions of adaptability
   imperatives to the global environment. The dissertation combines the
   case study approach and the comparative historical analysis to test
   the five-stage theory in three empirical cases--Lebanon in 1975,
   Algeria in 1992, and Yugoslavia in 1991-92. In all three cases, rival
   group historical memories and antagonistic group identity
   consciousnesses were unyielding social-structural conditions which
   strongly molded the evolution of the state towards implosion.
 
 
 

 Order No:    AAC 9701154  ProQuest - Dissertation Abstracts
 Title:       RELIGIOUS VALUES AND PUBLIC POLICY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
              OF ISLAM AND DEVELOPMENT IN FOUR ISLAMIC STATES, 1970-1990
              (ALGERIA, MOROCCO, SAUDI ARABIA, SYRIA)
 Author:      UTHUP, THOMAS
 School:      STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK AT BINGHAMTON (0792)
              Degree: PHD  Date: 1996  pp: 338
 Advisor:     PERETZ, DON
 Source:      DAI-A 57/08, p. 3666, Feb 1997
 Subject:     POLITICAL SCIENCE, GENERAL (0615); RELIGION, PHILOSOPHY OF
              (0322); HISTORY, MIDDLE EASTERN (0333)

 Abstract:    This work has two main objectives: first, to provide a
   model for the influence of religious values on the public policy
   process, and second, using a conceptual framework of development
   consonant with Islamic values, to assess the performance of four
   Islamic countries--Algeria, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, and Syria--during
   the 1970-1990 period. Our study builds on scholarship in the areas of
   culture and politics, social values and public policy, and Islam and
   development.
       Our analysis, using a preliminary indicator of 'Islamicity,'
   finds that Islam does appear to have some effect in the economic
   realm of development, while political ideology appears to be
   influential in performance in the social arena of development.
   However, 'Islamicity,' level of economic growth and political
   ideology are unable to adequately explain the political conditions in
   the country.
       Theoretical contributions made by this study include the model of
   religious values' influence on public policy, an Islamic conception
   of development, an empirical analysis of the development performance
   of four Islamic countries, and support for the explanatory power of
   political ideology in explaining social conditions. Suggested future
   work includes applying the religious values and public policy model
   in other areas, and including more countries in comparative
   assessments of Islam and development.
 
 

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